When it comes to proper health screenings, you’ll want to make regular yearly appointments with your eye doctor. The role of an eye doctor is to recognize and manage any vision related problems before they become unmanageable. Below are five of the most common vision conditions that your eye doctor should be able to test and recommend the appropriate medication in time:


The American Academy of Ophthalmology reports that only half of the three million people who suffer from glaucoma know they have it. Early detection is crucial because excess fluid builds up and puts pressure on the optic nerve, which can eventually lead to blindness. Genetics and sight injuries are just two causes of glaucoma. Your ophthalmologist can test you for this at your next visit.

Macular Degeneration

According to the American Macular Degeneration Foundation, the leading cause of vision loss is macular degeneration. This disease causes a deterioration of the retina, and there are two forms: wet and dry. With this condition, you may experience blind spots, or you may notice that straight lines now appear wavy. A routine exam performed by your eye doctor is all that is needed to confirm this diagnosis.



Also called pinkeye, conjunctivitis is common in people of all ages. It is extremely contagious and causes itchy, watering, and swelling. An ophthalmologist will prescribe antibiotics to clear up bacterial conjunctivitis and steroids for viral conjunctivitis. Although there is no cure for the viral version, the steroids will reduce the amount of inflammation.


When vision begins to become cloudy on either one side of vision or both, cataracts are likely the culprit. The National Eye Institute says that more than half of the United States population has experienced cataracts by the age of 80. Visiting your ophthalmologist is the best way to have cataracts diagnosed and to discuss your risk factors in depth. Fortunately, cataract surgery can be performed to remove the cloud completely from the lens and restore a person’s sight immediately after the surgery.

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Perhaps the biggest problem treated by ophthalmologists is myopia. The common term for myopia is nearsightedness. Patients who suffer from nearsightedness have trouble seeing items at a distance. There are a few different solutions to this type of issue. The role of an eye doctor should be to recommend the appropriate medication here. Patients can opt for a pair of glasses or a set of contact lenses. There’s also the choice to have laser surgery performed so that no glasses or contacts are needed.


The role of an eye doctor is to ensure that his or her patient maintains optimal eye health and a clear vision. It is advisable to go for a full eye examination by your eye doctor.